What is EUR1 movement certificate?

Certificate of Origin (CO) is a shipping document, which is used in international trade, certifying that goods in a particular export shipment are wholly obtained, produced, manufactured or processed in a certain country.

When I was explaining certificates of origin first time on this website, I have indicated that there are two main types of certificates of origin available for use in international trade transactions.

These certificates of origin types are:

  • Ordinary certificates of origin: (Also known as Non- preferential Certificates of Origin) They prove the origin of the goods without giving any right to apply preferential import duties. Example : Certificate of Origin
  • Special types of certificates of origin: (Also known as Preferential Certificates of Origin) They not only prove the origin of the goods, but also give right to apply preferential import duties. Example : GSP Form A Certificate of Origin , NAFTA Certificates of Origin

Apart form above mentioned types of certificates of origin, there are some sort of documents used in international trade, especially where export and import transactions are taken place between countries that have signed free trade agreements.

These form of documents are known as "movement certificates".

Today I would like to explain "EUR1" document which is a type of movement certificate.


What is EUR1 certificate?

EUR1, also known as an ‘EUR1 movement certificate’, is a trade document, which allows importers located in European Union or countries with which the EU has signed a Free Trade Agreement, to import goods at a preferential import duty.

Example 1 : How does EUR1 certificate help importers in EU to pay lower import duties?

Importers located in European Union have to pay 11,5% import custom's tariff when importing fresh table grapes from a 3rd country with a standard certificate of origin.

For example, an importer in Germany has to pay 11,5% import tariff duty when importing fresh tables grapes from China. (Chinese origin fresh table grapes)

But the same German importer would pay no import duties when importing fresh table grapes from Egypt with an EUR1 movement certificate.

German importers pay zero custom duties for the fresh table grapes they imported with EUR1 movement certificate.
Example 2 : How does EUR1 certificate help to keep exporters in EU competitive?

Importers located in Mexico have to pay 15% import custom's tariff when importing household refrigerators from a 3rd country with a standard certificate of origin.

For example, an importer in Mexico has to pay 15% import tariff duty when importing household refrigerators from China. (Chinese origin household refrigerators)

But the same Mexican importer would pay no import duties when importing household refrigerators from Germany with an EUR1 movement certificate.


Mexican importers pay zero custom duties for the EU origin household refrigerators they imported with EUR1 movement certificate.

When to use EUR1 movement certificate instead of an ordinary certificates of origin?

EUR1 movement certificate should be used in export and import transactions between European Union countries and the countries with which the EU has signed a Free Trade Agreement.

On below table you can find list of countries that the EU has signed a Free Trade Agreement.

Africa
  1. Tunisia
  2. South Africa
  3. Algeria
  4. Egypt
  5. Morocco
America
  1. Chile
  2. Colombia
  3. Mexico
  4. Republica Dominicana
Europe
  1. Albania
  2. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  3. Georgia
  4. Iceland
  5. Liechtenstein
  6. Serbia/Kosovo
  7. Macedonia
  8. Norway
  9. Serbia
  10. Switzerland
  11. Moldova, Republic of
  12. Ukraine
  13. Turkey (Turkey and EU have a customs union agreement. EUR1 movement certificate should be issued for agricultural, coal, steel products exports and imports between EU and Turkey only. All other goods should be imported and exported with an ATR movement certificate between Turkey and EU.)
Middle East
  1. Israel
  2. Jordan
  3. Lebanon
  4. Syria
ACP countries
  1. Regulated through the Cotonou-agreement, which is not a traditional FTA, but rather a non-reciprocal agreement.
Who should complete an EUR1 movement certificate?

Exporter of the goods should fill the EUR1 movement certificate and sign the declaration stated on the right bottom side of the document, because only exporter could know whether the goods are eligible for the preferential custom duties.

Who should endorse an EUR1 movement certificate?

EUR1 movement certificate should be endorsed by the exporting country's custom authorities or any other legal organization that is specifically commissioned with this job.

What is the validity period of an EUR1 movement certificate?

Validity period of an EUR1 certificate depends on the country to which the goods are being exported:
  • EUR1 certificates issued for exports to EFTA, Algeria, Egypt, Lebanon, Israel, Faroe Islands, West Bank/Gaza Strip, Jordan, Tunisia, Morocco, Turkey, South Africa, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo are valid for 4 months.
  • EUR1 certificates issued for exports to ACP/OCT countries, Mexico, Chile or a GSP beneficiary country are valid for 10 months.
  • EUR1 certificates issued for exports to all other countries are valid for 5 months.
Is it possible to apply for an EUR1 movement certificate after shipment?

Yes, it is possible to get an EUR1 certificate to be issued after shipment in some rare conditions. This procedure is known as issued retrospectively. 

Sample EUR1 Movement Certificate (Blank)

Blogger Widget