Easy way to understand the differences between port-to-port, port-to-door, door-to-port and door-to-door shipments

Today, I would like to explain some of the basic shipping terms, that define the starting and ending points of the transportation, known as port-to-port, port-to-door, door-to-port and door-to-door shipments, which you may encounter on your daily work routine very frequently as a shipper or consignee.

Let me start my explanations with port to port shipments.

Port to Port Shipment

“Port to Port Shipment” defines a type of shipment, which commences at the Port of Loading and ends at the Port of Discharge.

Port to Port shipment or Port to Port delivery is the basic form of sea freight transportation, which is used by carriers for hundreds of years.

Bill of lading is the generic name of the transport document, commonly used in Port to Port shipments. It is also known as port to port bill of lading, marine bill of lading or ocean bill of lading.

Port to Port Shipment Graphic

Thanks to the technological improvements in logistics sector and standardization achieved by containerization, now carriers, actual or contractual, can offer more flexible transport options to their clients.

Door to Door Shipment

Door to Door Shipment, covers the ultimate transportation between exporter's factory to importer's warehouse. It should be carried out by a single carrier under one transport document, which is usually a multimodal bill of lading.

If more than one carrier is responsible for the transportation or more than one type of transport document has been issued, then the transportation can not be specified as a Door to Door shipment.

Door to Door Shipment Graphic

For various reasons, it is not suitable to use either port to port or door to door shipments. In these instances "Door to Port" or "Port to Door" deliveries can be used.

Door to Port Shipment

If transportation starts at the exporter's factory and ends at the port of discharge, then these kind of shipments can be defined as "Door to Port" deliveries.

Multimodal bill of lading is the transport document that should be used with Door to Port shipments.

Door to Port Shipment  ımage

Port to Door Shipment

If transportation starts at the port of loading and ends at the importer's warehouse then these kind of shipments can be defined as "Port to Door" deliveries.

Multimodal bill of lading is the transport document that should be used with Port to Door shipments.

Port to Door Shipment Image
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