Advising Bank

On this article you can find the definition of an advising bank, its roles and responsibilities in a typical letter of credit transaction.

Advising Bank is the bank that advises the letter of credit to the beneficiary. Advising banks act upon the request of issuing banks.

Generally, advising banks are located in the same country as beneficiaries. That is why issuing banks need their services.

Letters of credit are transmitted between banks via an online platform called Swift.

Swift platform is secure and fast, but it is expensive. That is why most of the exporters and importers do not have an access to the Swift platform.

In today's international trade world, letters of credit are transmitted from issuing bank to the advising bank via swift platform and afterwards advising banks advises the credits to the beneficiaries other means of telecommunication such as email attachments of .tif or .html files.

advising bank, its roles and responsibilities

Important Note: You should keep in mind that swift is an authenticated teletransmission platform. A letter of credit or amendment transmitted via swift is deemed to be the operative, and any subsequent mail confirmation is not needed and shall be disregarded.

Letter of Credit Basics: L/C Transaction

How does a letter of credit work? How to use a letter of credit in import and export businesses?

So far, I have published two articles under "Letter of Credit Basics" series at

First article was published with the following title: "Letter of Credit Basics: Definition and Types". Second article's title was "Letter of Credit Basics: Parties to Letters of Credit".

This is the 3rd article of "Letter of Credit Basics" series and it will be focused on letter of credit transaction process.

With the help of an illustration and detailed explanations, letter of credit transaction will be covered from beginning to end.

How does a letter of credit work?

After reading this article, you should be able to answer questions such as:
  • Who is initiating the letter of credit issuance process? Importer or exporter?
  • Which party advices the credit to the exporter?
  • Which party / parties must pay letter of credit amount to the beneficiary against a complying presentation?

Letter of Credit Basics: Parties to Letters of Credit

Letter of credit is a payment method in international trade. It is usually shortened as L/C or DLC. DLC means Documentary Letter of Credit or Documentary Credit. 

As of yesterday, I have started to write down a new series of articles regarding letters of credit. The 1st article was about the definition and types of letters of credit.  

Today, on this article, I will try to introduce you the parties to a simple letter of credit transaction. Each L/C party will be presented briefly and its role will be explained with the help of the graphic images. 

In a typical letter of credit transaction, one should expect to see following parties: applicant, beneficiary, issuing bank, confirming bank, nominated bank and reimbursing bank.

Parties to Letters of Credit

Let us start understanding these parties along with their roles and responsibilities one by one below.

Letter of Credit Basics: Definition and Types

Letter of credit is a payment method used in international trade transactions.

The letter of credit is distinguished itself from other payment methods in international trade by its complex structure and detailed rules.

Due to this complex structure, many international trade personnel have facing difficulties in letter of credit transactions.

Starting with today's post, I will be writing articles regarding different aspects of letters of credit. Hoping that my posts will be helping you out in your daily work.

The first article not only explains letter of credit definition but also defines letters of credit types.

Letter of Credit Definition | Letter of Credit Types